What is customs clearance? You can find the detailed answer to this question and the answers to other questions about customs clearance in this post. Are you ready to explore customs clearance procedures?

What is Customs Clearance? How is Customs Cleared?

There are some transactions within the framework of customs rules required for assets such as goods, products, foods or vehicles imported into or exported from the Customs Territory of the Republic of Turkey. All of the procedures applied especially for the goods are called "customs clearance procedures".

What is Customs?

In order to give a qualified answer to the “What is customs clearance?”  it is necessary to know the definition of the word "Customs". Customs is defined as a tax or charge levied on goods exported or imported from a country in the context of Customs Laws.

"Customs" is also the name given to the area where all these processes are applied. The customs institution in Turkey carries out its activities under the control of the Ministry of Customs and Trade. Existing customs rules in force are subject to inspection by this ministry.

What is Customs Clearance?

All states have an independent customs territory. These territories belong to the states themselves. In these customs zones, import and export activities are inspected and kept under control.

In some cases, various procedures are carried out in these territories. All states have their own procedures and transactions. With these transactions taken within the framework of various international rules, states fulfill their responsibilities towards each other.

For example, export customs clearance practices vary according to the product and country. Exports are economic activities supported by states but  it is important to pay attention to some restrictions and prohibitions at some stages.

What Does Customs Clearance Do?

With the customs clearance procedures, the entry of the products carried out between the states is recorded, regulated and inspected. If the customs procedures are not implemented, no stakeholder can profit from the products that will enter the relevant country. In addition, security vulnerabilities are minimized because all products entering the country are easily tracked through customs clearance. For the security and peace of the countries, it is important that the goods entering the country are subject to inspection.

Customs zones define a border line for countries. Customs clearance zones and transactions contribute to the international reputation of countries.

What Does Customs Clearance Include?

Goods are subjected to a "customs-approved application or use" specified in the Customs Law under customs clearance supervision. These applications are transactions such as subjecting the goods to the customs law, placing them in a free zone, destroying the goods, re-exporting or leaving them to the customs. In other words, the expression of customs procedures covers these applications.

Import, export, internal or external processing of the goods, temporary importation, transit, warehouse storage and similar transactions are transactions under different procedures.

How is Customs Cleared?

All imported goods and products are subject to a "customs-approved treatment or use" in Customs Laws. C ustoms clearance means placing an item or product under customs procedure, placing it in a free zone, destroying it, re-exporting.

What are the Stages of Customs Clearance Procedures?

Customs consultants generally support customers in order to successfully implement and maintain the necessary practices in customs clearance processes.

To explain briefly, the processes of customs clearance stages are as follows;

  • Goods are produced and made ready for shipping.
  • Logistics procedures are completed.
  • The containers are loaded and the goods are transported to the loading port or customs gate. All necessary documents are prepared accurately and completely in accordance with the customs legislation of the country.
  • The customs declaration for shipment is filled in completely and correctly.
  • The goods leave the customs territory of the exporting country and the transactions are completed with the export customs declaration.

What is Customs Duty?

“Customs duties” means all of the import and export taxes applied to the goods, the product or the goods. These taxes are charged by the customs administrations in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations.

Who Can Follow Customs Clearance?

Company representatives or customs consultants can follow the Customs procedures. Customs consultants also provide various services during customs clearance.

Except for individuals dealing with transit transportation, the representative is the person residing in the Customs Territory of Turkey. Land, sea and air transport companies and representatives of shipping organizations can directly track the products they transport only in case of transit transactions.

The persons who are the direct representatives may be legally authorized persons to represent the firm, as well as the persons who have the representation of the firm. Customs consultants can apply the customs procedures by presenting the power of attorney given to them to the customs administrations.

What are Customs Clearance Services?

Customs clearance services are provided by customs consultancy companies. In order to carry out customs clearance procedures, a power of attorney is given to customs consultants. Then, customs consultants complete and follow up the necessary procedures at the customs administrations on behalf of the person giving the power of attorney.

The work performed by customs consultancy companies as follows;

  • Determination of the Customs Tariff Statistics Position before the customs declaration is submitted,
  • Tax and procedure analysis according to the customs regime subjected  to the goods or products ,
  • If there are permit or eligibility requirements, application and follow-up of these steps,
  • Consultancy,
  • Issuing the customs declaration,
  • Inspection of the goods, if it is necessary,
  • Sampling,
  • Follow-up for laboratory analysis,
  • Receiving the goods from the customs office,
  • Customs procedures such as the export of goods.

What are the Advantages of Customs Clearance?

Customs transactions are known as complex and regulations. Before these transactions, it is good to benefit from the consultancy services of the customs consultant at the planning stage. In this way, customs clearance procedures will be in a predictable position. In other words, many potential problems will be avoided. It is important to carry out customs procedures on various issues such as the group in which the product will be classified, whether its import, export or transit is prohibited, whether any permits, compliance are required, and taxes to be paid.

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