The bill of lading is significant for companies engaged in international trade. The buyer cannot receive the imported or exported product without a bill of lading. Detailed information about the bill of lading document, which is an especially important document in terms of logistics, can be found in this article. 

A bill of lading means information and ideas. It is known as a way bill in the international logistics sector. It is a special contract for the transportation of goods from the point of loading to the destination. 

What is a Bill of Lading? 

The legally binding official document made between the sender and the carrier, providing all the necessary details for decisively processing the shipment, is called a bill of lading. In short, the answer to the question of what a bill of lading means can be said as a way bill. This way bill has essential functions, such as being a certificate of ownership of the goods defined in the document, carrying receipt information, and representing the agreed terms and conditions for the transport of the goods. 

It details the type, quantity, destination of legally transported goods, how it is billed, and how it should be transported. It is usually sent to the buyer of the goods in advance. It indicates the buyer's right of ownership over the goods. The buyer cannot pick up the goods without this document. 

A bill of lading is a document prepared upon receipt of goods transported by ship by the carrier. In short, it is a transport document signed by the ship's agent or the authorized captain and the sender for the goods delivered to the ship.  

When is the Bill of Lading Made? 

The bill of lading is based on the contract of carriage concluded between the shipper and carrier and shows the rights and obligations of the two parties. A shipped bill of lading is made when the goods to be transported are delivered to the carrier. If the lading takes place later and the process takes too long, a received bill of lading is made before the shipped bill of lading.  

The shipped bill of lading is being made when the goods are loaded. Many carriers secure their jobs by making a shipped bill of lading after the ship leaves the port. Banks demand that the statement that the goods were loaded into the vehicle and the vehicle departed be written on the marine bills of lading as well as other transport documents. 

How is the Bill of Lading Made? 

The bill of lading is a valuable document. Therefore, the preparation of bills of lading should be carried out carefully. The shipping agent and the shipping company usually arrange the bill of lading. When arranging the bill of lading, they arrange their own printed forms. The main thing here is that the information on the bill of lading is complete and accurate.  

There are examples of bill of lading on the web pages of ship agencies, shipping companies and on the Internet. You can review them, download the bill of lading sample as PDF and edit it according to yourself. When making a bill of lading, you should pay attention to the following information;  

  1. Date of signature and document preparation 
  2. Name and address of exporter and importer 
  3. Name and address of the shipping agent and shipping company 
  4. Freight payment information 
  5. Date of lading 
  6. Number of packages, product description 
  7. The value of the goods sent, the number and weight of the goods 
  8. Loading and arrival port information 

Who Makes the Bill of Lading? 

The ship agent is authorized and obliged to make the bill of lading as a carrier. The ship's captain, shipowner, or whom the ship's agent will authorize, may also make a bill of lading. In addition, when making a bill of lading, the company usually uses a billhead.  

The bill of lading is made by the carrier at the request of the shipper. It can be edited up to the copy requested by the shipper. When the shipper requests a bill of lading, the carrier must arrange it. There is no obligation to edit it if there is no demand. 

Since it is important in international trade and is requested by banks in letter of credit transactions, a bill of lading is required to be issued from the carrier at each carriage. For the carrier to make the bill of lading, the goods must be delivered or loaded.  

Since the bill of lading is a valuable document, it must be signed. The carrier signs the original copy of the bill of lading that he has made. Non-original copies do not need to be signed. In the loading instruction, the bill of lading is made with an original signature if the carrier informs the carrier in writing. At the time when there is no such instruction, there is no need for an original signature. Nowadays, due to the intensity of processing, bills of lading are signed with a stamp or digital signature. 

Features of the Bill of Lading 

  1. Indicates that the goods have been delivered. 
  2. It is a contract concluded between the carrier and the shipper. 
  3. It is in the form of a valuable paper. 
  4. It represents the load. 
  5. It is regulated unilaterally by the carrier. It only obliges the carrier. 

Types of Bills of Lading 

A bill of lading is a document made for goods transported by sea. It is a term often used in ship transportation. As of the spread of transportation by land, rail and air, the bill of lading transport document is used in all methods of transportation under the name of transport way bill. In general, the types of bills of lading are; 

  1. Container,
  2. Scheduled service,
  3. Thru b/l,
  4. Non-negotiable, 
  5. Combined-transport, 
  6. Tanker  

What is Shipping Order? 

A shipping order can be made by the exporting company to the ship agent or moving company. Essential information is being transmitted for the accurate and complete preparation of the bill of lading. It is requested that the agent or company prepare the bill of lading in accordance with this information. 

The bill of lading must necessarily contain information such as the name and full addresses of the sender, recipient, shipping companies, type of goods, number of containers, port of loading and destination. 

What is a Bill of Lading Receipt? 

In ship transportation and in the language of the bill of lading, it is referred to as the place where the goods are delivered and loaded. It is the place where the goods are delivered to the carrier by the exporter or his authorized agent. 

This section is especially important in the bill of lading. In case of any accident, damage to the container or goods between the place of delivery and the port of loading, the carrier is responsible for the responsibility. 

What is a Bill of Lading Number? 

In the bill of lading made by the carrier, the specific number issued to obtain information such as cruise, arrival, creditor request is called the bill of lading number. This number is the special number given to the shipment, the document containing the cargo within the scope of the bill of lading. You can make a bill for lading tracking inquiry with the bill of lading number. 

The bill of lading number is obtained by issuing special codes by the carrier. For example, in the bill of lading number NYCHAM10054, NY represents the city of New York, which is the place of loading, and the number 10054 represents the reference number. 

Where is the Bill of Lading Number Written? 

The bill of lading number is a special number for the shipment and the document. It is in the upper right corner of the document. 

An Example of a Bill of Lading 

The obligation to issue a bill of lading belongs to the carrier. The person authorized by the carrier can also edit it. Usually, ship agents use their own printed forms when issuing bills of lading. You can find an example of a bill of lading on the websites of transport companies and on the Internet in excel and an example of a bill of lading in Turkish.  

You can download the bill of lading document on the Internet in blank form, as well as prepare it yourself on a blank sheet of paper. If you have shipping order, you can prepare it in word or excel format according to the information provided.  

What is the Bill of Lading Price? 

Bills of lading do not replace invoices, as they are traded as way bills. Only, the freight quantity and cost are shown. Freight is the fee paid to the shipping company in exchange for the transportation service. 

A bill of lading is a document indicating that the goods sent by ship have been delivered by the carrier. It is in the form of an official document. It is made by the carrier and the carrier bears all responsibility until the delivery of the goods to the buyer. 


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