Documents used in foreign trade are extremely important for countries engaged in buying and selling. Because countries are usually located at overseas distances in foreign trade transactions, it may be difficult for the goods to arrive on time. This may lead to a delay in payments. In other words, the seller does not want to deliver the goods without receiving the payment, while the buyer does not want to pay without receiving the goods.
The relevant documents are of immense importance for the establishment of foreign trade on a safe footing and for transactions to be carried out without interruption. Import and export become much easier if the rules set out in the documents used in foreign trade are followed. The share of banks and dispatch documents in resolving disputes and conflicts arising in foreign trade transactions is extremely large;
When making payment transactions, it is extremely important that the prepared documents are in harmony, do not contradict each other. You can get consultancy services by contacting our company on what documents used in foreign trade are and how to prepare them. Foreign trade consultancy is extremely necessary, as it directly affects the country communication and agreements. Therefore, it has increased its activities today. You can contact our expert team for detailed information.
Among the commercial documents used in foreign trade, the invoices are of the greatest importance. Invoices have an especially prominent place in foreign trade as documents showing the characteristics, quantity, unit price of the goods sold. The seller arranges the invoices and delivers them to the buyer. Let us examine the proforma invoice, which is one of the types of commercial invoices. A proforma invoice is an invoice prepared by the seller that contains information about issues such as the unit price of the product, the nature of the product, the terms of sale, and the validity period of the offer.
Another type of invoice is a commercial invoice that is issued after the purchase and sale process is completed. The original invoice documents the sales contract and stands out with the feature of proving the existence of the contract. To avoid any problems when conducting customs clearance in foreign trade and to calculate taxes, the original invoice is needed. The original invoice is delivered to the buyer via the bank. Although commercial invoices are often issued in English, there are also some countries that object to this situation and insist on using their native language in commercial invoices.
The commercial invoices are issued in two different forms in our country, mostly in English and Turkish. Number of commercial invoices varies depending on the contracts concluded between the parties. It is mandatory to have either a stamp of the finance ministry or a notarization on commercial invoices. Let us examine the essential aspects of commercial invoices;
Other commercial documents used in foreign trade can be listed as freight invoice, certified invoice or consular invoice, check list, specification document, parcel packing list, inspection document, manufacturer's analysis document and survey report.
Let us examine the features of chattel papers used in foreign trade. In foreign trade, goods are bought from one country and delivered to another country. It is extremely important that the carrier and the shipper act according to the established responsibilities when delivering the goods. These responsibilities are determined by the chattel paper.
With chattel papers, it becomes clear whether the goods have been delivered by the carrier, and it becomes clear that the goods will be shipped from one country to another country. Although all chattel papers are receipts, some of them may not show any important documents or contract features. There are some important distinctive features of chattel papers;
The marine bill of lading is issued by the ship society or its deputy. If the ship does not have a deputy at the port of loading, the task of issuing a marine bill of lading belongs to the ship's captain. A marine bill of lading is known as a document indicating that the goods have been delivered by the carrier and will be transported in accordance with the conditions and delivered to the buyer.
A marine bill of lading is a document that makes a significant contribution to the change of hands of the goods by turnover, as it takes the goods from the owner and delivers them to someone else. One of the distinctive features of a marine bill of lading is that it is a valuable document. Marine bills of lading often do not come across as the only document. This document is arranged in such a way that there are three copies and three originals. It is of immense importance that the original copies of the marine bills of lading are received in full.
The information contained in the marine bills of lading can be sorted as follows;
A customs declaration is a document issued directly by the owners or their agents and submitted to the customs authority. No deletion operations can be performed on these declarations. After the customs declaration is submitted to the administration, no correction can be made regarding the qualifications and price of the goods. In case of cancellation of the declaration, this situation is notified to the tax office and the Turkish Statistical Institute.
All documents used in foreign trade are of immense importance. At this point, foreign trade consultancy, which is increasing its popularity today and is extremely necessary, comes to the fore. You can learn more about how imports and exports are made, what documents are used by using our foreign trade consultancy service.
As a company that has made its name in foreign trade consulting, we offer an extremely effective and reliable service for our customers. You can get more detailed information about our consulting services by contacting our expert team via our website. We are looking forward to all of you to our company where we provide quality and cost-effective consultancy services.