A Certificate of Origin is an important international trade document that documents the place where goods are grown, produced, or processed on an export shipment. During import, it is usually requested by the customs office of a country as part of the customs clearance process. 

The Certificate of Origin is mainly required to check whether the exported/imported goods are legal and whether these exports or imports are subject to tax. Almost all countries take into account the origin of the goods when determining whether it can be legally imported. The Certificate of Origin only helps to prove the origin of the goods to meet customs or commercial requirements. 

What is the Certificate of Origin? 

A Certificate of Origin is an international trade document indicating the origin of the exported goods. Exporters can apply to the Chambers of Commerce and get the Certificate of Origin approval. There are two types of Certificates of Origin issued by the chambers. These are non-preferential and preferential certificates of origin. 

Types of Certificates of Origin 

A Certificate of Origin is a document confirming the origin of the exported goods and can be issued by the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey. Customs officers in the buyer's country of origin can check and get information about the tariff rate of the goods, and ensure the safety of the shipment. 

Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin 

The non-preferential origin indicates that there is no preferential tariff treatment of the exported/imported goods and those taxes should be levied on the transported goods. It is used only to indicate the origin of the goods. 

Preferential Certificate of Origin 

A Preferential Certificate of Origin means that a preferential tariff is applied to goods when paying taxes. These taxes may be a reduction of the regular tariff, as well as a complete exemption from the tariff. A Preferential Certificate of Origin is a trade agreement between two or more countries that includes certain exemptions when goods are exported or imported. It is also known as the EUR.1 Movement Certificate. 

Each country may not have a Certificate of Origin requirement. However, it may be necessary to obtain a Certificate of Origin for countries that have a proof of origin requirement. Within the Scope of Free Trade Agreements, there are arrangements based on Preferential Origin, that is, mutual concessions, including those based on Trade, Trade in ECSC Products with the European Union, Generalized System of Preferences, Trade in Agricultural Products with the European Union, Unilateral Concessions. 

What is the Certificate of Origin For? 

A Certificate of Origin in international trade transactions is a document that must be submitted by the exporter. It confirms in which country a product is manufactured. It also contains information about the product, destination, and country of export. A Certificate of Origin is required in many agreements for cross-border trade. It helps to determine whether the goods are eligible for import and to what extent they are subject to tax. Goods with a EUR.1 Movement Certificate mean that they comply with the rules of origin. 

Customs duties, concessions, quotas, and anti-dumping practices on imported products can be checked through the origin of the goods. The customs administration examines the Certificate of Origin of the shipment and verifies the tax rates related to the trade agreement with the country. 

The place of origin refers to the country of manufacture, and not to the place where the products are shipped. When a product is produced in two or more countries, the country of origin is considered the country of origin on which more than 50% of the cost of production of the goods depends. Exporters may need a Certificate of Origin to comply with international trade regulations before transporting goods between countries. It is important that those who prefer to operate on the foreign market acquire this document with each transfer of goods. 

How to Get a Certificate of Origin? 

A Certificate of Origin that can be issued by the chambers of industry based on applications may be required to meet the buyer's request or for customs clearance in international transport. To determine whether a certificate of origin is needed before the goods are transported, assistance can be obtained from a company providing international transportation services. 

The certificate of origin is issued for each shipment on a one-time basis. You may need to obtain a new Certificate of Origin when it comes to sending a second one, even if it is the same product. To obtain a Certificate of Origin, you can apply by logging in to the room on the official website of the Turkish Industry and Chambers Association. 

Certificates of Origin do not have to be from the preferential regime. But it helps to determine the country of origin to calculate the taxes that will be charged. With the Certificate of Origin, political situations such as trade embargoes, anti-dumping measures or security measures can also be controlled. The Preferential Certificate of Origin, on the other hand, provides advantages such as reduced or zero taxes depending dec the agreements between the countries. 

In the event of a Free Trade Agreement between the two countries, Preferential Certificates of Origin are usually required. This means that there will be discounts on import duties and charges. It is the exporter's responsibility to obtain a Certificate of Origin according to the requirements of the importing country or the buyer. The Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey is the competent body for approving Certificates of Origin. 

How Long is the Validity Period of the Certificate of Origin? 

We can say that the last day for the validity period of the Certificate of Origin specified as a day according to customs legislation has expired at the end of working hours. The validity period of the Certificate of Origin can also be specified in weeks or months. The binding tariff is valid for 6 years, and the binding origin information is valid for 3 years. If the Certificates of Origin are subsequently submitted, the declaration is valid for 6 months as of the date of registration. 

What are the Origin Rules? 

The Certificate of Origin and the origin rules are closely related. These rules are used to determine the country of origin of the product and establish the applicable tariffs for the product. Since there is no global standard, each country has its own rules. But, the rules of origin specify how the origin is determined for a product. The Certificate of Origin certifies that the product complies with these rules. 

As an exporter, you determine whether your product has a preferential or non-preferential Certificate of Origin, that is, whether it is eligible for a discount, within the framework of the origin rules. It is worth remembering that there may be advantages to using preferential tariffs. You can reduce or eliminate tariffs with a Preferential Certificate of Origin. This will allow you to be more competitive in the market in terms of price. It can also be said that it will help you gain new customers and retain your existing buyers. 

Use of Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin 

It does not offer any tariff advantages when the Certificate of Origin is not preferential. However, for the customs authorities to determine the tariff amount and for statistical purposes, a Certificate of Origin must be obtained. The origin of the product will help determine the tax payable. If you need a non-preferential Certificate of Origin, you can apply online at the official website of the Union of Chambers of Industry and Commerce of Turkey. 

Is the Certificate of Origin Required? 

If the importing country is obliged to issue a Certificate of Origin from the exporting country, the document must be drawn up. Otherwise, the Certificate of Origin is not a procedure that must be compulsorily drawn up for export. Although it is not necessary, a Preferential Certificate of Origin may sometimes be the most appropriate application to be preferred because of the tax deduction opportunity it provides to the exporter. 

What is Certification of Origin Form A? 

While industrialized countries import industrial goods from developing countries, applications are applied according to the rules of Form A. Form A, a document designed at a multilateral level from countries included in the Generalized System of Preferences to non-industrialized countries, also indicates that the product is preferential. 

Importance of Certificate of Origin in Export and Import 

From time to time, according to the government policies of each country, bilateral, and unilateral agreements between countries, goods specified from certain countries may be exempt from import duty. To control the import of such goods, an import tax is also levied on some goods in accordance with the availability and consumption of the product. Goods imported from some countries may be taxed due to political policies. Therefore, the importance of deciphering the origin of goods plays a vital role in international trade between countries. 

A Certificate of Origin is a type of export document requested by foreign governments to verify the country of origin in which the exported product is produced. The origin of the imported goods is used to determine which taxes will be assessed and whether the goods can be legally imported. This certificate virtually verifies the identity of these actions. The certificate of origin proves the origin of the country from which the exported goods were originally supplied and manufactured. The certificate made by the Turkish Union of Chambers and Exchange Commodities is sufficient. 

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